Universal Journal of Educational Research

ISSN: 2960-3714 (Print) 

ISSN: 2960-3722 (Online)

Relative Clauses in Amaka Azuike’s ‘Violated’

Innocent Nasuk Dajang

University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria

Patricia Nathan Bwai

Plateau State Polytechnic, Barkin-Ladi, Nigeria


This study examined the usage of the relative clause as a wealthy, crucial and complicated syntactic procedure in modern English Literature through the examination of Amaka Azuike’s Violated, a short play. The study determined the use of relative clauses in terms of their frequency of occurrence and type used, and it showed that English language speakers mostly attempt to use the "easier" type of the relative clauses to combine sentences for clarity of relaying messages. The paper extracted examples of relative clauses from Violated to determine its aim of identifying the types of relative clauses used and the frequency of occurrence as well as the functions of the relative clauses in the play. The study also exposed the clarity the reader derives from the author’s use of relative clauses in creating a visible mental picture of issues presented in the story. The study adopted the descriptive grammar framework to account for the way relative clauses have been used in the play by the author. The study found that the author of the text used finite relative clauses and only one complex relative clause. Also, it discovered that the usage of relative clauses made the story quite state-of-the-art in style.


Violated, Relative Clause, Restrictive Relative Clause, Non-restrictive Relative Clause, Descriptive Grammar


Dajang, I. N., & Bwai, P. N. (2023). Relative Clauses in Amaka Azuike’s ‘Violated’. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 2(3), 258-267. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.8352959

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