Universal Journal of Educational Research

ISSN: 2960-3714 (Print) 

ISSN: 2960-3722 (Online)

A Quantitative Study of Principals’ Perceptions During Curriculum Reform in Lesotho

Moeketsi D. Ralebese

University of the Free State, Bloemfontein, South Africa

Lerato M. Ralebese

National University of Lesotho, Maseru, Lesotho


Policymakers are continually seeking a reform blueprint that would transform schools into beneficial institutions. Amid these reforms are the principals who drive the implementation of these mandated curriculum reforms. This quantitative study explores the perceptions of primary school principals in Lesotho as they lead the implementation of the integrated curriculum, popularly known as the ‘new curriculum’. The study relies on quantitative data obtained from 83 principals purposively drawn from the Maseru district in Lesotho. The SAS program was used to compute descriptive statistics that were used to interpret the principals’ views using the sense-making framework. The results of this study showed that the principals exhibit high and positive perceptions regarding their roles and responsibilities as leaders of curriculum reform. These results are surprising given that they have neither been prepared nor developed to lead the implementation of this reform. Moreover, their views should be interpreted in light of current literature regarding the implementation of curriculum reforms. This existing literature portrays a gloomy picture regarding the implementation of this reform in Lesotho. This study expands the literature on reform implementation in developing countries such as Lesotho. Future studies should compare the perceptions of the principals with those of the teachers to corroborate the seemingly high scores obtained from the principals’ self-ratings.


curriculum, assessment policy, principals, perceptions, reform, Lesotho


Ralebese, M. D., & Ralebese, L. M. (2023). A Quantitative Study of Principals’ Perceptions During Curriculum Reform in Lesotho. Universal Journal of Educational Research, 2(4), 304-314. https://doi.org/10.17613/qznc-s154

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